The region is mountainous, arid, scarcely watered. It has two coastlines, one in the
center of the Gulf of Taranto in the Ionian Sea, and a tiny one on the Tyrrhenian Sea, with the famous sea resort
of Maratea. The bare mountain landscapes slope down to the Ionian Sea.
Potenza is the regional capital; Matera is the capital of the other
The region is rich in
archaeological relics, dating back to the most remote times. Remains
of the Greek era can be found in Metaponto (the Palatine Tables), while ruins of the Roman Age can be seen in Venosa.
Tourists can admire noteworthy examples of medieval art in Venosa and Cerenza (Romanesque style). The architecture
presents Arab-Byzantine and French influences in Matera, Melfi and Lagopesole. In this region, the Baroque style
shows an evident Neapolitan influence.
Archaeological Museum of Potenza houses an important prehistoric collection,
an interesting ethnographic section and numerous Greek and Latin inscriptions. In Matera, the Ridola National Museum
holds Paleolithic relics, and ceramics which date back to the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages. The Pinacoteca d’Errico
displays noteworthy paintings of the Neapolitan school of the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The
National Museum of Melfi houses prehistoric, protohistoric and Roman relics.
To be visited:
In Matera, visitors can see the “Sassi”, the typical houses and churches dug into
the “tufa” crag. In the Gulf of Policastro, tourists can enjoy the fascinating Maratea, an important resort of
the Tyrrhenian Sea; on the Ionian Sea, the Antiquarium of Metaponto.